To summarize current strategies in detecting


To summarize current strategies in detecting adverse outcomes of dermatologic surgical procedures.


A Medline literature search was conducted using the terms “”adverse event,”" “”detection,”"

“”reporting,”" MG-132 datasheet “”monitoring,”" and “”surgery.”" Articles selected addressed the efficacy of one or more AE reporting techniques in surgical patients.


Prospective and retrospective reporting methods were identified, with morbidity and mortality conference being the most commonly used method of AE reporting. Retrospective medical record review, the retrospective trigger tool approach, and an anonymous electronic reporting system were more sensitive approaches. The Surgical Quality Improvement Program, a program that has successfully translated AE data into lower postoperative morbidity and mortality, was analyzed.


Although generally considered safe, dermatologic surgery has no current standard for AE reporting. Standard definitions and high-quality data regarding AEs”" currently limit this analysis. Pilot studies are needed to develop feasible measures, with the goal of increasing

the sensitivity of AE detection and ultimately improving patient outcomes.

The Center for Dermatology Research is supported by an unrestricted educational grant from Galderma Laboratories.”
“Background and objective: In 1981, a Petrol-Lead Phase-Out Program (PLPOP) was launched in Taiwan for the abatement of environmental learn more lead emissions. The present study was intended to examine whether the high Petrol-Lead Emission Areas (PLEA) would result in an increase in the incidence

rate of brain cancer based on a national data bank.

Methods: The national brain cancer incidence data was obtained from the Taiwan National Cancer Registry. Age standardized ACY-738 incidence rates were calculated based on the 2000 WHO world standard population, and gasoline consumption data was obtained from the Bureau of Energy. The differences in the trend tests for age-standardized incidence rates of brain cancer between high, median, low, and small PLEA were analyzed.

Results: A significant increase was found from small to high PLEA in age-standardized incidence rates of brain cancer. By taking six possible confounders into account, the age-standardized incidence rates for brain cancer were highly correlated with the median and high PLEA by reference to the small PLEA.

Conclusion: After being adjusted for a number of relevant confounders, it could be concluded that high PLEA might result in an increase in the incidence rate of brain cancer resulting from high lead exposures. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Objective: To compare the outcomes of twin pregnancies conceived by artificial reproductive techniques (ART) with those of spontaneous conception.

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