The patients were selected according to the haplotypes of ABCB1,

The patients were selected according to the haplotypes of ABCB1, with c.1236C>T, c.3435C>T and c.2677G>T polymorphisms, and were classified into two groups based on the presence of the mutated allele in each genotype for the three ABCB1 polymorphisms.

In addition, expression of P-gp and breakpoint cluster region-abelson 1 (BCR-ABL1), ABCB1 and solute carrier family 22 member 1 (SLC22A1) mRNA were evaluated. The P-gp activity in the wild-type group was found to be higher than that in the mutated group (59.1 vs. 38.3%; P=0.001). Furthermore, the patients who did not achieve major molecular response (MMR) showed a higher rate of efflux mediated by P-gp when compared with individuals who achieved MMR (64.7 vs. 45.7%; P=0.001). All patients without MMR demonstrated effluxes of >60%. In addition, patients without MMR exhibited lower plasma concentrations of IM compared with those with buy NVP-BSK805 MMR (0.51 vs. 1.42 mu g/ml; P=0.001). Higher levels of SLC22A1 mRNA were observed AZD8055 PI3K/Akt/mTOR inhibitor in patients who achieved MMR and complete molecular response (P<0.05). In conclusion, the ABCB1 1236CT/3435CT/2677GT and 1236TT/3435TT/2677TT haplotypes are associated with reduced P-gp activity and MMR in chronic-phase CML patients treated with a standard dose of IM.”
“Objective: There is a paucity of evidence about insurance status and the likelihood of receiving medical services in Latin America. The objective

of this analysis was to examine the association between insurance status and pharmacologic treatment for depression. Methods: Patients referred to a memory

clinic of a public hospital in Buenos Aires, Argentina, and identified with any of four types of depression (subsyndromal, dysthymia, major, and due to dementia) were included. Age, years of education, insurance status, Beck Depression Inventory score, and number of comorbidities were considered. Associations between these factors and not receiving pharmacologic treatment for depression were examined with logistic regression. Use of prescription neuroleptics, hypnotics, and anticholinesterase inhibitors was also explored. Results: Out of 100 patients, 92 learn more with insurance status data were used. Sixty-one patients (66%) had formal insurance and 31 patients (34%) lacked insurance. Twenty-seven (44%) insured patients and 23 (74%) uninsured patients did not receive antidepressants (P = 0.001). Controlling for other factors, uninsured patients had 7.12 higher odds of not receiving treatment compared to insured patients (95% confidence interval 1.88-28.86). Older patients and those with more comorbidities had higher odds of not receiving treatment. More educated patients, those with higher Beck Depression Inventory score, and those without subsyndromal depression had lower odds of not receiving treatment. None of those associations were statistically significant.

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