Insertional inactivation of the ampG and ampP genes A 2904-bp amp

Insertional inactivation of the ampG and ampP genes A 2904-bp ampG fragment was PCR-amplified from PAO1 genomic DNA using KKF01ampGFor and KKF04ampGRev (Table 3). Similarly, KKF05ampPFor and KKF08ampPRev were used to PCR-amplify a 2779-bp ampP fragment. The ampP and ampG PCR products were cloned into pCRII-TOPO according to the

manufacturer’s instruction (Invitrogen, CA), generating pKKF04 and pKKF03, respectively. A Gm cassette carrying the aacCI gene was retrieved from pUCGm [38]. The cassette was inserted into the unique HincII and AscI restriction sites of ampP and ampG, respectively, creating pKKF145 MG-132 order and pKKF149 (Figure 2). These insertions created a polar mutation in the 5′-ends of ampP and ampG ORFs in pKKF04 and pKKF03, respectively. Subsequently, the ampP::aacCI and ampG::aacCI from pKKF145 and pKKF149, respectively, were sub-cloned into the SmaI site of pEX100T [39], a mobilizable suicide plasmid. These plasmids were conjugated into P. aeruginosa PAO1, with a helper strain harboring pRK2013 [40]. The merodiploids, resulting from homologous recombination, were selected with PIA containing Gm. These GmR colonies were then screened for Gm resistance and Cb sensitivity by replica

plating. The insertions were confirmed by PCR and restriction analysis of the PCR product (data not shown). The PAO1 isogenic strains with defective ampP and ampG are henceforth referred to as PAOampP and PAOampG, respectively. Construction of ampP RAD001 and ampG complementing plasmids Plasmids containing ampP and ampG, pKKF73 and pKKF69, respectively, were generated by inserting the EcoRI fragment with ampP and ampG from pKKF004 and pKKF003 into a broad-host range, low copy number vector, pME6030 [41]. These were later conjugated into PAOampP and PAOampG for complementation analysis. Promoter-lacZ fusion

constructions The putative promoter regions of ampG and ampP were subcloned from pKKF003 and pKKF004 into pGEMEX-1, respectively, generating pKKF091 (P ampFG -lacZ) Sunitinib supplier and pKKF087 (P ampOP -lacZ) (Table 3). This suicide vector contained the integration-proficient attP site, which recombines into the chromosomal attB site to generate a single-copy reporter fusion [42]. The resulting clones were mobilized into PAO1 and PAOampR (Table 3). The presence of the chromosomal insertions was confirmed by PCR and restriction analysis of the product. Topological analysis of AmpP and AmpG The topology of AmpP and AmpG were investigated using two markers, phoA and lacZ, that function in the periplasm and cytoplasm, respectively. The entire ampP gene was PCR amplified using primers KKF13ampP2For and KKF14ampP2Rev and cloned into pTrcphoA [43].

Comments are closed.