Figure 1 Oxt, FosB, and Peg3 gene representations Arrows indicat

Figure 1 Oxt, FosB, and Peg3 gene representations. Arrows indicate primer positions. Table 1 Forward and reverse primers sequences for Oxt, FosB, and Peg3 genes for DNA sequencing and PCR amplification We also designed primers Peg3e9(4)F and Peg3e9(4)R (Table 1) to flank a region in Peg3 exon 9 in which we detected a large in/del that distinguishes the SM/J and LG/J strains (described in the Results section). We used these primers to amplify this region from 240 F2 females derived from the LG/J Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical and SM/J intercross to investigate a correlation between this specific Peg3 polymorphism and maternal performance based on offspring survival, and to investigate for possible

association of the different selleck screening library genotypes in this region and their maternal performance. Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical Hypothalamic Oxt, FosB, and Peg3 expression Female SM/J and LG/J mice (n= 13 each) were carefully removed from the nest on the second postpartum day and sacrificed by decapitation between 8 a.m. and 12 p.m. We chose the second postpartum day, when mother–infant interaction is totally established and the probability of pups from maternally impaired mothers still being alive is higher. The whole hypothalamus was immediately dissected Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical on ice and stored in RNAlater® (Ambion, Austin, TX) in microtubes. Samples were kept at room temperature (RT) for 1 h and stored at –80°C until use. The hypothalamus was removed from the RNAlater®,

immersed in TRIzol (Invitrogen, Sao Paolo, SP, Brazil) and homogenized (Polytron PT10/35-Brinkmann, Westbury, NY) for 30 sec at maximum speed. Total RNA was isolated using the manufacturer’s protocol and quantified in a spectrophotometer (NanoDrop® ND-1000, Wilmington, DE). RNA purity was assessed with the 260/280 nm ratio, and its integrity Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical was assessed on a 1% agarose gel. Total RNA was treated with DNase I (Invitrogen) (1 U/μg of RNA, at Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical 37°C for 20 min), and 2 μg from both experimental groups were simultaneously reverse transcribed using oligo(dT) primers and SuperScript™ III reverse transcriptase (Invitrogen)

in a final volume of 20 μL. Quantitative analyses of the Oxt, FosB, and Peg3 transcript levels was carried out in a Rotor-Gene 3000 (Corbett Research, Concord, Australia) using SYBR green, according to Ambar and Chiavegatto (2009). Optimal conditions for PCR were obtained using a five-point, twofold dilution curve analysis using RG-3000 (Corbett Research) software for each transcript. Each PCR reaction Ketanserin contained the equivalent of 12.5 ng of reverse-transcribed, DNase-treated RNA, 200 nM of each specific primer, SYBR Green PCR Master Mix (Applied Biosystems, Foster City, CA), and RNase-free water to a 20 μL final volume. cDNA samples from both groups were assayed in the same run, in triplicate, in 0.1-mL microtubes. Samples without cDNA templates and samples with RNA (no reverse transcription) were included as negative controls in all experiments.

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