In addition, this technique did not increase operating time and t

In addition, this technique did not increase operating time and the learning curve was less steep as compared with laparoscopic colorectal surgery. A study by Nakagoe et al. suggested that minilaparotomy technique for resection of rectal cancer was an attractive alternative in non-overweight patients (12). Very few studies have compared short and long term outcomes of minilaprotomy

surgery for the treatment of rectal cancer (13). Hence, the oncological adequacy of minilaparotomy approach in rectal cancer remains to be determined. The aim of our study was to assess the long-term clinical and oncological outcome after laparoscopic and minilaparotomy surgery Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical in patients with rectal cancer. Patients and methods Definition of minilaparotomy The minilaparotomy approach for the resection of rectal cancer is defined as a resection performed through a skin incision ≤7 cm in length. Patients All patients with a rectal cancer with the edge ≤12 cm from the anal verge without other concurrent or Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical previous malignant disease treated by minilaparotomy and laparoscopic surgery were compared retrospectively. Evaluation included physical examination,

colonoscopy Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical with biopsy, anorectal ultrasonography, pelvic magnetic resonance and thoracic and abdominal computed tomography (CT). The mobility and the location of the tumor from the anal verge were assessed by digital examination by the surgeon and radiological imaging. Patients were staged using the clinical tumor node metastasis (TNM) classification. Exclusion criteria were patients who refused to consent for Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical the study, and patients with tumors infiltrating to adjacent organs (cT4). Patients who had associated gastrointestinal diseases that required additional extensive operative intervention or evaluation were excluded. Patients with evidence of synchronous

metastatic disease were also excluded. The choice between minilaparotomy and laparoscopic surgery Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical was based on a joint decision by the patients and doctors. This study was approved by our local research ethics committee. Written informed consent was obtained from all patients. Preoperative BEZ235 cell line preparation from and neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy All patients had bowel preparations, including a fluid diet and administration of a polyethylene glycol electrolyte solution, one day before the operation unless there were contraindications against bowel preparation. Intravenous antibiotic prophylaxis was given on induction of anesthesia for the operation. The basic indications for neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy included rectal cancers (T3) and/or node-positive disease, lack of prior radiation therapy to the pelvis, and age <75 years. Neoadjuvant treatment with chemotherapy and radiation therapy was as follows: 45 Gy in five weeks with concomitant 5-fluorouracil.

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