(C) 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.”
“A novel swine-origin influenza A (H1N1) virus was recently identified in Mexico. Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Library cost Some cases of infection with neurological complications have been reported to date. We report a case of acute necrotizing
encephalopathy associated with the novel H1N1 virus in a 2-year-old European girl who suddenly developed fever, seizures, and altered mental status. Brain and spinal cord magnetic resonance imaging showed bilateral symmetrical lesions of the insulae, thalami, geniculate bodies, and pons tegmentum suggestive of an acute necrotizing encephalopathy. An involvement of meninges and spinal cord was observed configuring an acute necrotizing meningoencephalomyelitis. ANN NEUROL 2010;68:111-114″
“Variants of the human intestinal fatty acid binding protein 2 gene (FABP2) are associated with traits of the metabolic syndrome. selleck Relevant FABP2 promoter polymorphisms c.-80_-79insT, c.-136_-132delAGTAG, c.-168_-166delAAGinsT, c.-260G>A, c.-471G>A, and c.-778G>T result in two haplotypes A and B. Activation of haplotypes by rosiglitazone Stimulated PPAR-gamma/RXR alpha leads to 2-fold higher activity of haplotype B than A. As shown by chimeric FABP2 promoter constructs, the higher responsiveness
of FABP2 haplotype B is mainly but not solely determined by polymorphism c.-471G>A. As shown by EMSA and promoter-reporter assays, Oct-1 interacts with the -471 region of FABP2 Promoters, induces the activities of both FABP2 promoter haplotypes and abolishes the different activities of haplotypes induced by rosiglitazone activated PPAR gamma/RXR alpha. In conclusion, our findings suggest a functional role of PPAR gamma/RXR alpha and Oct-1 in the regulation of the FABP2 gene. (C) 2008
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“Benzene is a major contaminant in various environments, but the mechanisms behind its biodegradation under strictly anoxic conditions are not yet entirely clear. Here we analyzed a benzene-degrading, sulfate-reducing enrichment culture originating from a benzene-contaminated aquifer by a metagenome-based functional metaproteomic approach, using protein-based stable isotope probing (protein-SIP). check details The time-resolved, quantitative analysis of carbon fluxes within the community supplied with either C-13-labeled benzene or C-13-labeled carbonate yielded different functional groups of organisms, with their peptides showing specific time dependencies of C-13 relative isotope abundance indicating different carbon utilization. Through a detailed analysis of the mass spectrometric (MS) data, it was possible to quantify the utilization of the initial carbon source and the metabolic intermediates. The functional groups were affiliated to Clostridiales, Deltaproteobacteria and Bacteroidetes/Chlorobi.